Brecht, Bertolt

(1898–1956)
   German playwright, poet and theorist of theater and literature, Brecht was a committed Marxist who sought to apply Marxist ideas to the theater. His most famous plays include Mother Courage, St. Joan of the Stockyards, The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui, Caucasian Chalk Circle, A Man is a Man, The Three-Penny Opera and Galileo Galilei. In general he focused on the contradictions and dilemmas of modern capitalist society, its dehumanizing and isolating effects, and the need for revolutionary transformation to create a moral caring and cooperative community beyond capitalism. He fled Germany for the United States in 1933 when Adolf Hitler came to power, returning to Europe in 1950 to work for the Berlin Ensemble Company in the German Democratic Republic. Commercially unsuccessful, his uncompromising socialist approach to theater (what he called “epic” or “dialectical” theater), nevertheless, has had a profound influence on later theater.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brecht,Bertolt — Brecht (brĕkt, brĕKHt), Bertolt. 1898 1956. German poet and playwright who developed “epic drama,” a style that relies on the audience s reflective detachment rather than the production s atmosphere and action. His works include The Threepenny… …   Universalium

  • Brecht, Bertolt — orig. Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht born Feb. 10, 1898, Augsburg, Ger. died Aug. 14, 1956, East Berlin, E.Ger. German playwright and poet. He studied medicine at Munich (1917–21) before writing his first plays, including Baal (1922). Other… …   Universalium

  • Brecht, Bertolt — (1898 1956)    poet and dramatist; perhaps the twentieth century s most influential playwright. He was born in Augsburg, and his early writings appeared when he was sixteen in the Augsburger Neueste Nachrichten. Beginning medical studies in 1917… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Brecht, Bertolt — (Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, 1898 1956)    Playwright, director, theorist. Brecht was among the most influential playwrights, and arguably the most accomplished, in 20th century German theater. After his death, his influence gained such… …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • Brecht, Bertolt — ► (1898 1956) Poeta y dramaturgo alemán. Puso sus obras teatrales al servicio de un ideario político de carácter socialista. Inició su producción teatral con La boda de los pequeños burgueses (1921) y La redada (1921). En esta primera etapa… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Brecht, Bertolt —    см. Брехт, Бертольт …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Brecht — Brecht, Bertolt …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bertolt Brecht — (1954) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Brecht — Bertolt Brecht (1948) Das Brecht Denkmal von Fritz Cremer vor dem Berliner Ensemble Berto …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bertolt Brecht — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bertolt Brecht Bertolt Brecht en 1948. Nombre Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brechter Han Culen …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.